Recently I read Jon Bergman's blog regarding the flipped teaching model in the classroom and how it is not about the video. Instead, flipped teaching is about the time gained in the classroom by having students receive the lecture portion outside of the classroom. To me this is the 1.0 version of flipped teaching. This model can absolutely work in Physical Education and is the standard model in most classes. By making videos of information such as games, rules, techniques, etc. that are watched outside of class there should be more time in class to be active and participate.
However, unique to Physical Education, there is an equally vital role that the videos themselves can take in the daily education process. Because PE is a special that requires so much analysis of movement, using video to target and provide immediate feedback is vital to the learning process. In the 2.0 version of the flipped classroom, students both create and analyze videos of skill performances during and outside of class. Essentially we are flipping who is in the video from the teacher to the student!
Coaches have been using video analysis techniques since video was first available many years ago. It is only recently though that mobile devices have progressed to the point that nearly everyone who has a phone has access to a high quality video camera that can be used for analysis. Now that my classes have access to iPod touches and the Coach's Eye app, I can easily have every student participate in self and peer analysis with video. In my coaching and teaching experience, there is no better way to achieve change in students then when they can see and analyze their own technique.
The essence of a "Flipped Classroom" is to utilize video technology to facilitate student learning. It is taking the lecture out of the daily lesson plan. It it's place it is assigning a short 5-10 minute video that will accomplish the same task and more but is not bound by time or a teacher's presence. It is giving students more time and opportunity to interact with their teacher on a daily basis. It helps the teacher maintain consistency between classes as well as keeping him or her from repeating the same instructions over and over again. It can also allow for students to move at their own pace towards mastery of a subject area.
The "Flipped Coaching" philosophy follows in much the same manner. Rather then spending valuable practice or PE class time on lecturing about a new skill or concept, you can make a short, simple video that conveys what is needed. It could be a daily practice plan or the activity for the day, a new play or skill, or the analysis of a performance. Flipped coaching gives students and athletes more time to master the skill during practice or class. It is a simple concept, but one that will absolutely enhance learning and the ability of athletes and students to grasp new concepts. I would encourage any coach or teacher to look around at the many different ways to utilize video technology in your practices and classes.
One of my dreams of "flipping" in a PE class is to have students create their own videos and through them demonstrate higher level thinking skills that are utilized frequently in what we do in class. I was able to finally test this out in a unit I adaped to each grade level titled "Creative Games Unit." It was amazing to see just how well some of the final videos came out! It takes patience and class time to allow students to come up with their own creations but the results are well worth it and now I have access to student created content that is meaningful and fun! Students used iPod touches or their own iPhones to record the video and then either pieced them together using the iMovie app or software on the schools or their own computer. Here are some of my favorite examples!
As a PE teacher, I am used to not being the homework priority for my students every night when they are home. But to make the flipped classroom work in a PE class, some kind of homework has to be required. Taking the traditional flipped classroom approach and assigning a video for students to watch at night sounds simple, but getting my students to remember to watch it is another story! The same goes along with my flipped quizzes I assign. I end up reminding students over and over again that they need to take it or their grade will be impacted. I know many of you are thinking why is he spending so much time and effort to get his students to be responsible? Just let them learn the hard way. I don't disagree, it's just that I would like to make the flipped classroom work in PE and getting students to remember to watch the video and take a quiz is what it takes. I also want my students to see that I care for them and the solution to this problem will also accomplish that.
Now, if I could only find a way to remind students at night when they are doing their homework or even during the day get them a message regarding what we are doing in class or how they should be prepared. The answer came to me simply, send them a text message! Obviously I don't want to start message the whole class on my private phone line. The solution? There are actually a couple.
Using remind101 lets me set up an account so that students can sign in to receive my text message updates. It is teacher safe and simple to set up.
Haiku LMS is a paid learning management system that I highly recommend for its integration with Google Aps that we use at our school. Not only can you use it for text messaging, but also for classroom sites, assignments, assessments and much more.
As I experiment with both of these services and how to best message my students, I am excited to see what results come of it!
Recently I had the opportunity to participate in a webinar for the Flipped Learning Network about the many faces of flipped learning. The Webinar went very well – minus a few technical difficulties at the start – and I truly enjoyed the process! Hopefully it will be of interest and assistance to you as well.
Here is my opinion on the kinds and types of shoes a High School sprinter should wear for a typical season.
The first and most important pair of shoes you buy should be a pair of spikes. To be a sprinter you must learn to run on the balls of your feet (not allowing your heel to strike the ground at any time in your stride). Most athletic running shoes (tennis shoes) have a thick inch or higher sole that hinders this ability to stay up on the balls of your feet. I strongly recommend that as a sprinter you avoid wearing these shoes for sprint workouts, except for long slow jogging workouts, which we will rarely do.
If you want to purchase a workout shoe, find one that has a flexible sole and low heal. I would stay as far as possible away from any corrective shoe design. Sprinting is meant to be natural and these kinds of shoes will only hinder your movements.
There are a wide variety of track spikes available, each claiming to offer you a specific advantage for your individual event. These categories include:
Fortunately when you look at them all, there is little difference between these shoes so finding a basic spiked shoe will easily work well with any of these events.
My best recommendation for a young sprinter is to get a pair of spikes with a flexible forefoot plate. The reason I believe this is important is so that as your foot makes contact with the ground it has some flexibility of movement throughout the push off phase of sprinting. Shoes with the one-piece plastic plate, offer no flexibility in the forefoot.
Here are some examples I have found:
Nike Zoom Victory XC
Nike Zoom Victory Waffle
Saucony Shay XC3
Brooks Mach 13
My biggest rant to you is do not buy into the hype that the lightest possible shoe will make you the fastest! If you want to be the fastest you can possible be, only your own dedication to sprinting will get you there. There is no easy shortcut like shoes or speed suits! There should be no need to spend a huge amount on a sprint shoe. All of the above can be purchased for less then $50 at various places on the Internet.
Here's a video I created to help teach students how to use the Coach's Eye App on our iPod touches in class. I used Camtasia for Mac to create it and at the end I include a little more information about uploading their videos to Dropbox for storage.
This past season as the Special Teams Coordinator for my team I was able to use the Camtasia Suite of software to create high quality screencasts of each special teams play that I was installing. After sharing this with my players they were able to review the videos online at any time. This saved me valuable practice and even meeting time allowing us to spend more time practicing plays on the field rather then having players stand around and listen to me talk! Check out this video to see what is possible!
This morning I came into school with my iPad a few minutes early because I wanted to make a couple of videos for our Fitnessgram testing that day. I grabbed my co-teacher and I shot about 10s of him demonstrating each test using the Coach's Eye app. I then analyzed each video using the flywheel and telestration features. I recorded my directions over these telestrations and then exported the video to the YouTube Flipped Coach Channel. Once class started I was able to show the videos using our projector on the gym wall and an amplifier with my iPad. All this took me less then 15 minutes to prepare in the morning before classes began! Take a look below at the videos.
My life has been turned upside down these last few weeks with the arrival of our second child! Along with being in the middle of a football season as a coach and starting up school again I have not had a lot of time to dedicate to this blog. On the other hand it is a good chance to test some of the products I am writing about to see if they are efficient in their use! If I can use them now, I can use them anytime. One app I reviewed recently was CoachNote. See my review here. Recently, I have not been at school but still needed to communicate a new activity to my co-workers and students. Using CoachNote made this simple and I was able to record the following video in only two takes that took me ten minutes total. I then uploaded it to YouTube while warming another bottle and once it was done I shot a quick link to my co-workers. Done! And so is this post! Enjoy!